If statistics are to be believed, drug-resistant infection is responsible for killing more than 700,000 people worldwide every year. And in the near future, by 2050, these numbers might reach 10 million. India is no exception to the increasing cases of antibiotic resistance and drug resistance bacteria. Blame it on the dry and wet climate of India that provides a perfect breeding grown for the bacteria, thus increasing the risk of bacterial infections. This coupled with the easy availability of OTC antibiotics to quickly tackle the infection without a doctor’s prescription, there is growing abuse of antibiotics, and hence, antibiotic resistance. While one way to lower the misuse of antibiotics and lower the risk of antimicrobial resistance is to consult a doctor, the other way is to follow your doctor’s tips on choosing the antibiotics and use of these drugs to the T.
Here are few important facts and guidelines on antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance by IMA (Indian Medical Association) you need to know.
#1. No newer antibiotic molecules have been are invented in last 30 years. The antibiotics that are currently available are only modifications of the existing molecules have been tried out. This is one of the reasons for antibiotic resistance and the multidrug-resistant microorganisms are a real threat to healthcare in India.
#2. To reduce hospital-acquired infections, for clean hospital environment and prevention of multidrug-resistant organisms, scientific biomedical waste disposal is essential. This is where the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan comes into play.
#3. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, and the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945, have clear guidelines on the sale of Schedule H and Schedule X drugs, which are ‘restrictive drugs’ and can be sold only on the prescription of a registered medical practitioner. Schedule H1 mainly includes potent antibiotics (like anti-tuberculosis drugs) and have special labeling, with symbol Rx in red to be clearly displayed on the left top corner of the label and a boxed warning with a red border. Read about things you should keep in mind when you are on antibiotics.
#4. The total number of antibiotic tablets/capsules to be taken for the prescribed duration shall be mentioned in the prescription and not just the dose administration schedule. Appropriate antibiotics should be prescribed at the earliest to manage suspected sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia or positive cases of tuberculosis.
#5. Refilling of a prescription is not allowed by pharmacists unless authorized by the doctor. If the doctor has prescribed a drug, e.g., 3 days, the pharmacist cannot dispense drugs for more than this duration. This can help you to lower the risk of antimicrobial resistance usually caused because of stopping a medication and then starting again after some time. Here are some ways Indians are overusing antibiotics and why they should stop right away!
Source & Credits: TheHealthSite